Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 9

Outline and Background - Daniel 9

Prompting of Daniel's Prayer - Daniel 9:1-3

Particulars of Daniel's -Prayer  Daniel 9:4-15

Petition of Daniel's Prayer  - Daniel 9:16-19

Power of Daniel's Prayer - Daniel 9:20-23

The Seventy Sevens - Daniel 9:24

The Coming of Two Princes - Daniel 9:25-27

Decoding of the Seventy Sevens

The Anointed One Cut Off

Application of Daniel 9

The Anointed One Cut Off

Verse 26 reads, “After the sixty-two “sevens,” the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing.” The Hebrew (karath) translated
“cut off” usually denotes a violent kind of death or separation (Genesis 9:11; Psalm 37:9; Proverbs 2:23). Hence, our Passover Lamb had been selected (cut off) on Monday. He would be violently crucified on Friday, at the exact time the Passover lambs were being killed at the Temple.

Ironically, (karath, cut off) is the same word translated “made” in Genesis 15:18:

On that day the LORD made [cut] a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.”

When the Anointed One was cut off, those promises of the Abrahamic Covenant regarding the land were cut off with Him until the Second Advent.

What followed Christ’s death? Except for a remnant, the Jews lied about Him, persecuted His messengers, and refused to acknowledge His kingship. So what happened? The next part of Gabriel’s prophecy was fulfilled.

The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.

Notice that the prophecy reads “the people of the ruler (prince) who will come.” “The people” refers to the Romans who destroyed Jerusalem in A.D. 70. Hence, the coming prince of the end
times appears to be Roman! Some insist this ruler must be Jewish, saying Israel enters into a seven-year covenant with him.

He will confirm a covenant with many for one “seven.” In the middle of the “seven” he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.

Technically, the Hiphel perfect of (gabar) indicates that the covenant is confirmed or strengthened by this prince “with many.” Israel might not even enter into its negotiation. Although current events show that Israel appears willing to enter into peace agreements with those opposed to its existence, we cannot assume it is party to this covenant. That the coming ruler must be Jewish is a mute issue. The coming prince is “the little horn” of Daniel 7:8, “the stern-faced king” in 8:23, and “the king who does as he pleases” in 11:36. See Daniel 11 for details.

In A.D. 70, the Romans under Titus fulfilled the prediction of the destruction of the city and sanctuary. According to, eleven hundred thousand Jews perished in the siege of Jerusalem, and ninety-seven thousand were sold for slaves (The Works of Josephus: War of the Jews, 6:9:3). This prophecy was atrociously fulfilled! Gabriel and Jesus were correct.

They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled (Luke 21:24).

“Trampled” (patew pateo) indicates Jerusalem would be treated with insult, contempt and be desecrated. John Wesley describes the trampling of A.D. 70.

The land was sold, and no Jew suffered even to come within sight of Jerusalem. The very foundations of the city were ploughed up, and a heathen temple built where the temple of God had stood (Notes on the Old and New Testaments, Luke 21:24).

In Luke 21:24, Jesus introduced new terminology, “the times of the Gentiles,” to cover the predictions in the book of Daniel. The times of the Gentiles run from the Fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. to the Fall of Babylon the Great at the end of the Tribulation.

The surviving Jews were scattered among the nations in A.D. 70. Not only had the nation “cut off” Jesus Christ, He had “cut off” fruitless Israel and they would not become a sovereign nation until May 14, 1948.

Additionally, the prophecy of the seventy sevens reveals what it will be like during the times of the Gentiles.

The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.

The world is not going to improve during the Church age—anything but! There will be wars and rumors of war on earth among men until the Lord returns (cf. Matthew 24:6). There will be no permanent peace until the Prince of Peace arrives. Desolations (ravages) have been decreed— whether we like it or not—God has spoken!

Gabriel’s prediction contains an unstated time of turmoil, especially for the Jews, between the sixty-ninth and seventieth seven. When Israel crucified the Messiah, the “prophetic clock” stopped ticking. It will begin ticking again when the ruler who will come (the Antichrist) confirms a covenant with many for one seven. Jesus predicts that the Jews will be deceived by the Antichrist.

I have come in my Father's name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him (John 5:43).

Between the death of Christ and the Antichrist’s confirmation of this covenant stretches the entire Church Age. There is “a great parenthesis” or “a gap” in God’s program for Israel.

Liberal scholars and amillennialists insist there is no gap in the seventy sevens, which can only mean that Jerusalem should have been destroyed by A.D. 35, instead of A.D. 70. That one detail alone demands a gap between the 69th and 70th sevens. And certainly, the end has not come like a flood to this day.

Biblical prophecy contains many gaps that are not always obvious. For instance, Jesus read the prophecy of Isaiah 61:1-2 and said, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing” (Luke 4:16-20). However, Jesus finished reading the prophecy in the middle of a sentence and rolled up the scroll. Why did He stop so abruptly? Why did He not continue to read “the day of vengeance of our God”? Those words belong to His second coming. Hence, there is a gap of almost two thousand or more years in Isaiah’s prophecy. This gap could not be recognized until the first part of the prophecy was fulfilled. The very same principle is true of the seventy sevens. Another familiar prophecy that has a gap between the first and second advents of Christ is Isaiah 9:6.

an prophetic explanation of Isaiah 9:6

Many read this passage every December and think little of it. Little wonder that the apostle wrote:

Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow (1 Peter 1:10-11).

All prophecy that sees together what history must unfold as separate is complex. Here history has unfolded, separating the seventieth seven from the sixty-ninth seven.

The time marker for when the seventieth seven starts is given as “he will confirm a covenant with many for one “seven.” Nothing in history remotely resembles such a covenant. Certainly, “he” does not refer to the Messiah as some suggest from Galatians 3:15-18. Furthermore, Jesus never sat on David’s throne and He was not received by His own people.

“Many” appears to indicate more than Israel will enter into a covenant with the coming prince. Most likely, this covenant looms as an intricate part of the Antichrist’s peaceful rise to power (Revelation 6:2). The “many” of this covenant could refer to the ten nations of the Revived
Roman Empire, especially, since the term “confirm” (rbg gabar) denotes “to strengthen.” If so, the coming Roman prince will strengthen the European Union or some other confederation of ten nations when he rises to power.

On the other hand, there is a prediction in Isaiah that is remarkably similar to the seventy sevens.

So this is what the Sovereign LORD says: “See, I lay a stone in Zion, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation; the one who trusts will never be dismayed. I will make justice the measuring line and righteousness the plumb-line; hail will sweep away your refuge, the lie, and water will overflow your hiding-place. Your covenant with death will be annulled; your agreement with the grave will not stand. When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by, you will be beaten down by it (Isaiah 28:16-18).

This prophecy contains three sections: (1) Christ the tested stone is crucified and resurrected; (2) desolations upon Israel follow; and (3) the arrival of the covenant with death, which appears to leap into the distant future to the time when apostate Israel enters into the seven-year covenant with the Antichrist, who breaks it halfway through the Tribulation Period.

The seventieth seven of Gabriel’s prophecy is known as the Tribulation Period, or the Time of Jacob’s Trouble. Revelation 6-19 describes it in detail. Gabriel assigned a time marker that divides the seventieth seven; the second half is known as “the Great Tribulation.”

In the middle of the “seven” he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.

Many assume that three and one-half years into the covenant, the coming Roman prince breaks the covenant. That is true only if the covenant involves Israel. “The temple” is properly supplied in the NIV translation in light of Jesus’ interpretation of this prediction in Matthew 24:15 and the Septuagint’s translation “upon the temple.” Christ places “the abomination that causes desolation” at the end of the age just prior to His return in power and glory (Matthew 24:15-30). Daniel 9:24 predicts great blessings that will come after the seventy sevens, specifically “to bring everlasting righteousness” and “to anoint the most holy.” The latter most likely refers to the dedication of the Millennial Temple (Ezekiel 40-44).

The Antichrist will stop all worship at Israel’s Temple when he exalts himself “above” or “over” (epi epi) everything that is called God (2 Thessalonians 2:4) and forces the world to worship him and his image. The abomination that causes desolation will end when Christ returns to earth to meet the rebel armies at Armageddon and defeat them (Revelation 19:11-21).

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

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Life of the Apostle Paul

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