Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 6

Outline and Background - Daniel 6

Advancement and Adversaries of Daniel - Daniel 6:1-9

Attitude of Daniel - Daniel 6:10

Accusation Against Daniel and Anxiety of Darius - Daniel 6:11-20

Assurance and Avenging of Darius - Daniel 6:21-24

Announcement of Darius and Achievement of Daniel - Daniel 6:25-28

Application and Typical Prophecies - Daniel 6

Outline and Background - Daniel 6

Outline of Chapter Six

Advancement of Daniel, 1-3
Adversaries of Daniel, 4-9
Attitude of Daniel, 10
Accusation against Daniel, 11-13
Anxiety of Darius, 14-20
Assurance of Darius, 21-23
Avenging of Darius, 24
Announcement of Darius, 25-27
Achievement of Daniel, 28



Timeline of Daniel 6

Background of Chapter Six

Darius, son of Xerxes (a Mede by descent), was made ruler over the Babylonian kingdom (Daniel 9:1). This Xerxes should not be confused with the Persian ruler in the time of Esther. It was common for rulers to have two names in Ancient Near Eastern history. Daniel 6:28 may be
translated: “So Daniel prospered during the reign of Darius, even the reign of Cyrus the Persian.” Some scholars, therefore, believe Cyrus is Darius. Darius could have been a localized name for Cyrus. It also is possible that Darius is a title since at least five Persian kings are called by that name.

The Nabonidus Chronicle states that Cyrus made Gubaru (Gobryas) governor over Babylonia and Gubaru installed sub-governors in Babylon. Darius did not conquer Babylon, but was placed in power by Cyrus the Persian, and therefore was a subordinate to Cyrus. Another possibility is that Gubaru was both governor of Gutium, who conquered Babylon, and the man Cyrus appointed to rule over Babylon. “Darius the Mede took over the kingdom, at age sixty-two,” and “was made ruler over the Babylonian kingdom” (Daniel 9:1) fits the circumstances.

Gubaru is frequently mentioned in cuneiform documents during the subsequent fourteen years as “Governor of Babylon and the Region Beyond the River,” a description indicating the entire Fertile Crescent. The designation of “king” is accurate since the term was used of any ruler with this much power.

Recent archeological discoveries and inscriptions from Babylon and Persia confirm that the former empire used fire for their executions and the latter empire used lions, just as recorded by Daniel. Only a writer from those times would have known these two distinct methods of execution. The liberal critics, who assigned this book to the second century B.C., are mistaken again.

Chapter six of Daniel is like the book of Jonah. Both men are preserved and delivered by God from the jaws of death. Both men are a prophetic preview of Christ.

The flow of this chapter is: (1) Daniel is despised; (2) Darius is deceived, distressed, delighted; (3) Deceivers are destroyed; and (4) Daniel prospered.

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

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