The fifth kingdom will not be another attempt by man to
rule the world apart from God. It will not come into existence
by human hands. The
Nba (“rock” or “stone”) is
none other than the Lord Jesus Christ, “the stone the builders
rejected has become the capstone” (Psalm 118:22; Matthew
21:42; 1 Peter 2:8). “Rock” is a symbolic name applied to the
For they drank from the spiritual rock that
accompanied them, and that rock was Christ (1 Corinthians
Zechariah, the prophet of the sixth century
B.C., describes the arrival of the Rock that will crush the
Revived Roman Empire and scatter it to the wind.
that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of
Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from
east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the
mountain moving north and half moving south (Zechariah 14:4).
Christ’s kingdom, a mountain, not cut by human hands,
will fill the earth. All commentators agree that this verse
describes the founding of the Kingdom of God. Those who do not
believe that Jesus Christ is going to come and reign over His
earthly Kingdom for a thousand years are called “amillennialists”
and “covenant theologians.” They claim this verse is referring
to the spiritual Kingdom of Christ, which is being set up in
the hearts of men. They see the Church as the mountain that
fills the whole earth and crushes the Ancient Roman Empire,
not the revived one of the last days. However, there is no
coexistence of Rome and the Kingdom of God depicted in the
dream. The exact opposite is the case.
striking of the image is not gradual, it is sudden, violent,
catastrophic and complete, totally deviating from the Church
and its great commission (Matthew 28:18-20).
“Postmillennialists” believe that the world will be converted
by the Church prior to Christ’s return. However, the Church
has not been promised any victory over the world (cf. Matthew
13:24-30, 36-43; 2 Timothy 2:1-12). The opposite is predicted.
The present age will end in apostasy and rebellion, winding
down with the rise of the man of lawlessness, rather than with
the Church overcoming the world (2 Thessalonians 2:1-12).
To apply this prophecy to the Church is to invite
confusion. The Church has been here for almost two thousand
years and pagan Gentile sovereignty has not been destroyed.
The Church will never overcome the world; it will be raptured
prior to the Lamb’s wrath. This wrath begins
opening of the seven-sealed scroll and ends with His return to
strike down the nations (Revelation 5-19). Paul asserts that
those in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ are excluded
For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath
but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ (1
Thessalonians 5:9; cf. 5:1-8).
The Rock that smites
the image does not begin to grow until the image has entirely
disappeared; then it fills the whole earth. Thus are portrayed
the events prior to the Millennial Kingdom of the Lord Jesus
Christ when He returns as “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS”
Each of the four empires are
literal, political, physical, and earthly kingdoms, and
therefore, the fifth and final kingdom should be interpreted
the same. It does not make sense to have a spiritual kingdom
introduced into a prophecy that is dealing with physical
kingdoms in history. Unlike all other kingdoms, the earthly
Kingdom that God establishes will neither be destroyed, nor
fade away, nor be taken over by another people.
important to recognize that Nebuchadnezzar saw in his dream
the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold broken
to pieces at the same time and becoming like chaff on a
threshing-floor in the summer. The wind swept them away
without leaving a trace. History shows that the political,
religious and cultural characteristics of each kingdom were
assimilated by succeeding empires, not so with Christ’s
kingdom. The characteristics of the preceding empires will be
swept away like chaff in the wind without leaving a trace.
“Summer” is a code word for the Tribulation Period, the
Time of Jacob’s Trouble (cf. Jeremiah 30:4-11). During the
Mount Olivet Discourse, Jesus referred to this period as
summer in His Parable of the Fig Tree.
Now learn this
lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and
its leaves come out, you know that summer is near. Even so,
when you see all these things, you know that it is near,
right at the door. I tell you the truth, this generation will
certainly not pass away until all these things have happened
After pronouncing seven woes on
the teachers of the law and the Pharisees (Matthew 23:1-36)
and lamenting over faithless Jerusalem (23:37-39), Christ once
again announced the forthcoming judgment on Jerusalem.
Jesus left the temple and was walking away when his
disciples came up to him to call his attention to its
buildings. “Do you see all these things?" he asked. “I tell
you the truth, not one stone here will be left on another;
every one will be thrown down.” As Jesus was sitting on the
Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately. “Tell
us,” they said, “when will this happen, and what will be the
sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” (Matthew
The first question, “when will this
happened?” had a near future fulfillment. On July 28, A.D. 70,
Titus’ army destroyed the Temple.
With distant future
predictions, Jesus answered their second question, “What will
be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” Moving
chronologically through the Mount Olivet Discourse, He
revealed God’s eschatological plan for both the nation of
Israel and the world in Matthew 24:4-25:46.