Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 11

Outline and Background - Daniel 11

Two Empires - Medo-Persia - Daniel 11:1-4

Two Empires - Egypt and Syria - Daniel 11:5-20

Two Princes - Antiochus IV Epiphanes - Daniel 11:21-35

Two Princes - The Willful King - Daniel 11:36-39

Two Events - Mid-Tribulation Crisis - Daniel 11:40-45

Two Events - Final Deliverance of Israel - Daniel 12:1-3

Application of Daniel 11

Two Events - Mid-Tribulation Crisis - Daniel 11:40-45

Attempts to tie these details to Antiochus IV Epiphanes have proven futile. “At the time of the end” places this prophecy in the Tribulation Period. This prophecy begins at the middle of the Tribulation since the Wilful King will invade the Beautiful Land (Israel) after setting up the abomination that causes desolation (Revelation 12:13-17).

If the identification of the princes is continuous from the previous prophecies in this chapter, the King of the South (Egypt) and the King of the North (Syria) will engage the Wilful King in battle. Egypt definitely loses one way or the other.

The historical boundaries of the King of the North reached as far north as Alexandria Eschata (Leninabad, Russia). It is possible that Russia and the nations surrounding the Black Sea are involved in the battle against the Antichrist.

Interestingly, Egypt and Syria proclaimed on February 1, 1958, a political union called the “United Arab Republic.” It ended on September 28, 1961, when Syria declared itself independent of Egypt. Is it possible this alliance will be renewed in the end times?

History often repeats itself and it appears that “the land between” will be invaded again as the Wilful King’s forces pursue the Egyptians. Amazingly, Edom, Moab and Ammon (modern Jordan) will be delivered from the hands of the Wilful King. Geographically, this land is a desirable place for the inhabitants of Israel to flee. Petra and the deep canyons of Moab and Edom are natural fortresses. They might well be the prepared desert place of Revelation 12:13-14. The fleeing Israelis will be protected for the final three and one-half years of the Tribulation. The Wilful King will invade the Holy Land after plundering Egypt.

But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many. He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.

The kings of the North and the kings of East may form a coalition against the Wilful King. Most likely, “reports from the east” refers to an invasion of a massive army of two hundred million soldiers from east of the Euphrates River. This army will have killed a third of mankind (Revelation 9:16-19). God is sovereign in the affairs of men; having cleared the way for their arrival, He shall gather the nations to the great Plain of Esdraelon.

The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East (Revelation 16:12).

Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon (Revelation 16:16).

The Plain of Esdraelon is famous for two great victories, that of Barak over the Canaanites, and of Gideon over the Midianites; and for two great disasters, the deaths of Saul and Josiah. In Revelation, it is a place of great slaughter, the scene of a terrible retribution inflicted upon the wicked. It is popularly known as the Battle of Armageddon.

Armageddon is a transliteration of the Greek armageddon (ar-mag-eddohn'). In Hebrew, Har-Magedon means the mountain of Megiddo (“a place of crowd”). In Bible times, the city of Megiddo commanded the entrances to the Coastal Plain, the Plain of Acco, and the Valley of Jezreel.

An Egyptian account of Pharaoh Thutmose III’s campaign through Palestine boasted that “taking Megiddo is like taking a thousand cities” (ANET, 237). Megiddo is one of the more strategic military places in Palestine, and many crucial battles have taken place in its immediate vicinity. The Battle of Armageddon is foreshadowed in Judges 5:19:

Kings came, they fought; the kings of Canaan fought at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo, but they carried off no silver, no plunder.

In the ninth century B.C., Yahweh predicted through the prophet Joel the place the final battle would take place, as well as its outcome.

I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will enter into judgment against them concerning my inheritance, my people Israel, for they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land (Joel 3:2).

“Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side. Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the
grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow—so great is their wickedness!” Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of
decision” (Joel 3:12-14).

The site where the Battle of Armageddon will take place is called the Valley of Jehoshaphat because it was there that God destroyed Israel’s enemies (2 Chronicles 20:20-26). Jehoshaphat (tpvwhy) means “Yahweh has judged.” Ironically, the Wilful King will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many, but his army will be struck down by a sharp sword out of the mouth of the rider on the white horse, who is called Faithful and True (Revelation 19:11-16). This is the harvest of the earth.

I looked, and there before me was a white cloud, and seated on the cloud was one “like a son of man” with a crown of gold on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand. Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your sickle and reap, because the time to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” So he who was seated on the cloud swung his sickle over the earth, and the earth was harvested.

Another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. Still another angel, who had charge of the fire, came from the altar and called in a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, “Take your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the earth's vine, because its grapes are ripe.“ The angel swung his sickle on the earth, gathered its grapes and threw them into the great winepress of God's wrath. They were trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses' bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia (Revelation 14:14-20).

Sixteen hundred stadia (about 180 miles) is the distance from Dan to Beersheba. The height of the initial flow of blood will be astonishing. Most likely, the flow of blood will taper down as it flows from the Valley of Jezreel (Jehoshaphat, Decision, and Megiddo), into the rift of the Jordan Valley, and onward to the Dead Sea. Scavengers will be invited to clean up the flesh of the slain.

And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a loud voice to all the birds flying in mid-air, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and mighty men, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, small and great” (Revelation 19:1718).

The Wilful King will attempt to counterfeit Christ in every way. “He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.” His goal is to set up a one-world government and one-world religion that worships Him alone. “His royal tents” refer to his palace. “Between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain” is Mount Zion/Moriah, which is Jerusalem. However, the Rock will smash his kingdom and “he will come to his end, and no one will help him.”

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

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