Attempts to tie these details to Antiochus IV Epiphanes
have proven futile. “At the time of the end” places this
prophecy in the Tribulation Period. This prophecy begins at
the middle of the Tribulation since the Wilful King will
invade the Beautiful Land (Israel) after setting up the
abomination that causes desolation (Revelation 12:13-17).
If the identification of the princes is continuous from
the previous prophecies in this chapter, the King of the
South (Egypt) and the King of the North (Syria) will
engage the Wilful King in battle. Egypt definitely loses
one way or the other.
The historical boundaries of the King of the North
reached as far north as Alexandria Eschata (Leninabad,
Russia). It is possible that Russia and the nations
surrounding the Black Sea are involved in the battle
against the Antichrist.
Interestingly, Egypt and Syria proclaimed on February
1, 1958, a political union called the “United Arab
Republic.” It ended on September 28, 1961, when Syria
declared itself independent of Egypt. Is it possible this
alliance will be renewed in the end times?
History often repeats itself and it appears that “the
land between” will be invaded again as the Wilful King’s
forces pursue the Egyptians. Amazingly, Edom, Moab and
Ammon (modern Jordan) will be delivered from the hands of
the Wilful King. Geographically, this land is a desirable
place for the inhabitants of Israel to flee. Petra and the
deep canyons of Moab and Edom are natural fortresses. They
might well be the prepared desert place of Revelation
12:13-14. The fleeing Israelis will be protected for the
final three and one-half years of the Tribulation. The
Wilful King will invade the Holy Land after plundering
But reports from the east and the north will alarm him,
and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and
annihilate many. He will pitch his royal tents between the
seas at the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to
his end, and no one will help him.
The kings of the North and the kings of East may form a
coalition against the Wilful King. Most likely, “reports
from the east” refers to an invasion of a massive army of
two hundred million soldiers from east of the Euphrates
River. This army will have killed a third of mankind
(Revelation 9:16-19). God is sovereign in the affairs of
men; having cleared the way for their arrival, He shall
gather the nations to the great Plain of Esdraelon.
The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river
Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way
for the kings from the East (Revelation 16:12).
Then they gathered the kings together to the place that
in Hebrew is called Armageddon (Revelation 16:16).
The Plain of Esdraelon is famous for two great
victories, that of Barak over the Canaanites, and of
Gideon over the Midianites; and for two great disasters,
the deaths of Saul and Josiah. In Revelation, it is a
place of great slaughter, the scene of a terrible
retribution inflicted upon the wicked. It is popularly
known as the Battle of Armageddon.
Armageddon is a transliteration of the Greek armageddon
(ar-mag-eddohn'). In Hebrew, Har-Magedon means the
mountain of Megiddo (“a place of crowd”). In Bible times,
the city of Megiddo commanded the entrances to the Coastal
Plain, the Plain of Acco, and the Valley of Jezreel.
An Egyptian account of Pharaoh Thutmose III’s campaign
through Palestine boasted that “taking Megiddo is like
taking a thousand cities” (ANET, 237). Megiddo is one of
the more strategic military places in Palestine, and many
crucial battles have taken place in its immediate
vicinity. The Battle of Armageddon is foreshadowed in
Kings came, they fought; the kings of Canaan fought
at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo, but they carried off
no silver, no plunder.
In the ninth century B.C., Yahweh predicted through the
prophet Joel the place the final battle would take place,
as well as its outcome.
I will gather all nations and bring them down to the
Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will enter into judgment
against them concerning my inheritance, my people Israel,
for they scattered my people among the nations and divided
up my land (Joel 3:2).
“Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the
Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all
the nations on every side. Swing the sickle, for the
harvest is ripe. Come, trample the
grapes, for the
winepress is full and the vats overflow—so great is their
wickedness!” Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of
decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of
decision” (Joel 3:12-14).
The site where the Battle of Armageddon will take place
is called the Valley of Jehoshaphat because it was there
that God destroyed Israel’s enemies (2 Chronicles
20:20-26). Jehoshaphat (tpvwhy) means “Yahweh has judged.”
Ironically, the Wilful King will set out in a great rage
to destroy and annihilate many, but his army will be
struck down by a sharp sword out of the mouth of the rider
on the white horse, who is called Faithful and True
(Revelation 19:11-16). This is the harvest of the earth.
I looked, and there before me was a white cloud,
and seated on the cloud was one “like a son of man” with a
crown of gold on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand.
Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a
loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your
sickle and reap, because the time to reap has come, for
the harvest of the earth is ripe.” So he who was seated on
the cloud swung his sickle over the earth, and the earth
Another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and
he too had a sharp sickle. Still another angel, who had
charge of the fire, came from the altar and called in a
loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, “Take your
sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the
earth's vine, because its grapes are ripe.“ The angel
swung his sickle on the earth, gathered its grapes and
threw them into the great winepress of God's wrath. They
were trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood
flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses'
bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia (Revelation
Sixteen hundred stadia (about 180 miles) is the
distance from Dan to Beersheba. The height of the initial
flow of blood will be astonishing. Most likely, the flow
of blood will taper down as it flows from the Valley of
Jezreel (Jehoshaphat, Decision, and Megiddo), into the
rift of the Jordan Valley, and onward to the Dead Sea.
Scavengers will be invited to clean up the flesh of the
And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a
loud voice to all the birds flying in mid-air, “Come,
gather together for the great supper of God, so that you
may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and mighty men, of
horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free
and slave, small and great” (Revelation 19:1718).
The Wilful King will attempt to counterfeit Christ in
every way. “He will pitch his royal tents between the seas
at the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to his
end, and no one will help him.” His goal is to set up a
one-world government and one-world religion that worships
Him alone. “His royal tents” refer to his palace. “Between
the seas at the beautiful holy mountain” is Mount Zion/Moriah,
which is Jerusalem. However, the Rock will smash his
kingdom and “he will come to his end, and no one will help