Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 11

Outline and Background - Daniel 11

Two Empires - Medo-Persia - Daniel 11:1-4

Two Empires - Egypt and Syria - Daniel 11:5-20

Two Princes - Antiochus IV Epiphanes - Daniel 11:21-35

Two Princes - The Willful King - Daniel 11:36-39

Two Events - Mid-Tribulation Crisis - Daniel 11:40-45

Two Events - Final Deliverance of Israel - Daniel 12:1-3

Application of Daniel 11

Two Empires - Medo-Persia - Daniel 11:1-4

The first empire seen in the vision is Medo-Persia. The man in the vision is the preincarnate Christ and the vision begins with Medo-Persia’s first year as a world empire. The man rapidly moves through its future to arrive at the vision’s second world empire, which is Greece. Keep in mind the great conflict over the dominion of Israel, which is taking place in the background of this vision. In this part of the vision, only the visible, earthly events are revealed.

Verse 1: Interestingly, Christ reveals that He supported and protected Darius the Mede in 539 B.C. The rapid and smooth transfer of Babylon to Persia was God’s doing, not man’s. This revelation is a reminder that God controls what follows in the rise of these two empires.

Verse 2: This vision occurred during the reign of Cyrus the Great and three more kings who were Cambyses, Pseudo-Smerdis, and Darius Hystaspis. The fourth monarch was Xerxes, also known as Ahasuerus. The opening chapters of the book of Esther record King Xerxes’ fabulous wealth and the great banquet that he employed, as a pretext, to stir up his guests against Greece.

Xerxes’ expedition against Greece failed miserably in 480 B.C., and apparently, the king’s attendants proposed that a search be made for beautiful young virgins to soothe the king’s anger and depression. Esther was chosen queen as God worked behind the scenes. Interestingly, Mordecai said to his niece when the genocide of the Jews was decreed, “And who knows but that you have come to a royal position for such a time as this?” (Esther 3:14). God knows, and He orchestrates, the rise and fall of rulers for His purposes and that is the way we are to view these prophecies.

Verses 3-4: Since this prophecy touches on major events and characters, it jumps over nearly 150 years to the time of the Ram and the Goat. The mighty king who does as he pleases is Alexander the Great. In 336 B.C., Alexander came to the throne of Greece and Macedonia. He had only 35,000 soldiers to start the war with Persia, while the Persian king had hundreds of thousands of soldiers besides a great navy. Nevertheless, in thirteen years Alexander conquered the whole of the Persian Empire and beyond. He literally did “as he pleased,” fulfilling this prophecy.

Alexander’s empire was parceled out toward the four winds, and to four generals who were not his descendants: Ptolemy (Egypt); Antigonus (Babylon, North Syria); Lysimachus (Thrace, Bithynia); and Cassander (Macedonia). Naturally, the divided Greek Empire resulted in diminished power, but division did not diminish its influence on the society and culture over the next three hundred years.

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

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Experiencing Exodus

Book of James

Life and Passion of Christ

The Holy Spirit

How to Study the Bible

Romans Salvation

Life of the Apostle Paul

Other studies at Spreading Light Bible Studies

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