Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 10

Outline and Background - Daniel 10

The Preparation for the Vision - Daniel 10:1-3

The Appearance of the Man - Daniel 10:4-6

The Paralyzing Effect and Invigorating Touch of the Man - Daniel 10:7-11

The Adversary of the Man - Daniel 10:12-13

The Purpose and Veneration of the Man - Daniel 10:14-17

The Energizing Touch and Warfare of the Man - Daniel 10:18-20

Application of Daniel 10

The Preparation for the Vision - Daniel 10:1-3

The dates of Cyrus’ third year extend from 536 into 535 B.C. Too aged for the difficult travel back to the land of his birth and the hardships of rebuilding the ruins of Jerusalem, the prophet remained behind. Since the Tigris flows between the two cities, Daniel would have remained either at Babylon or at Susa, the capital of Persia.

Daniel called Cyrus by the Hebrew title of (melek, king) and he lets his readers know that he is still called Belteshazzar by the Persians. Daniel (“God is Judge”) would have been an unpopular name among the Babylonians, Medes and Persians. Even to this day people only want to hear about the love and grace of God, not about His wrath and judgment. Appropriately, the book of Daniel embodies both aspects of God’s righteousness—love and wrath.

The prophet employed the terms “revelation,” “message” and “vision” to what follows. He emphasized the veracity of the message and said it concerned (saka gadowl, “a great warfare,” or “a great conflict”).

It appears that the revelation came first, followed by three weeks of fasting by Daniel, and then the understanding of its message was given in a vision.

Daniel’s fast was a result of mourning or lamenting; the revelation had been dreadful and grievous. The prophet himself illustrates what Jesus promises, “Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted” (Matthew 5:4). Comfort means to strengthen, which is the underlying
theme of this chapter. Fasting is not done to solicit the favor of God; fasting arises from sincere expressions of being poor in spirit. This fast indicates that Daniel was praying, seeking understanding and wisdom from heaven.

Daniel’s fast was not a complete one. It involved a limited diet, possibly like the one in 605 B.C. Prior to the fast, Daniel had been enjoying meat, wine and lotions, indications of luxurious living, without compromising God’s dietary laws. Endowed with wisdom from above, Daniel certainly lived 1 Corinthians 10:23-33 and Romans 14 within the boundaries of the Mosaic Law.

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

Unsealing Revelation

Experiencing Exodus

Book of James

Life and Passion of Christ

The Holy Spirit

How to Study the Bible

Romans Salvation

Life of the Apostle Paul

Other studies at Spreading Light Bible Studies

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