“Do not be afraid” is said many times by the LORD in the
Bible. It is exactly what Jesus Christ said to John before He
unfolded the visions of Revelation.
Then he placed his right hand on me and said: “Do not
be afraid. I am the First and the Last” (Revelation 1:17).
Our Lord affirms that the path to understanding is to
humble oneself before God—humility is the attitude of one
who fears the LORD. In Chapter nine, Daniel’s prayer was
answered before he even finished praying, but here, a
startling revelation is given by Christ.
Since the first day that you set your mind to gain
understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your
words were heard, and I have come in response to them. But
the prince of the Persian kingdom resisted me twenty-one
days. Then Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help
me, because I was detained there with the king of Persia.
“Ah!” the skeptics say, “I told you the man was not
Christ!” How can Christ be delayed by any resistance for
twenty-one days and require help from the archangel
Michael? Good question! Let’s answer it with some
Did the LORD wrestle all night with Jacob?
Did Satan tempt Jesus?
Did angels attend to Jesus after Satan’s temptations?
Were twelve legions of angels at Jesus’ disposal to
rescue Him from the cross?
Does Satan come and take away the Word sown on the
heart by Christ?
Did Jesus become hungry and tired while on earth?
Did Satan attempt to resist Christ through the apostle
Did Satan use the disciple Judas to betray Christ?
Was Jesus unsuccessful in releasing all the prisoners
Was Christ cut off from Israel in His first advent?
The answer to these questions is YES! Remember Daniel
said this vision concerns a great warfare or a great
conflict. It is greater than we might have anticipated.
Behind the scenes are invisible thrones, powers, rulers
and authorities which have not been disarmed (Ephesians
3:10; 6:12; Colossians 1:16; 2:15). Satan the great
counterfeiter has assigned positions of authority, power
and dominion to fallen angels as God has to the holy
When Christ took the very nature of a servant, being
made in human likeness, the appearance of a man, He placed
upon Himself the many limitations of being human. This
vision is connected to the previous vision, which
revealed, “The Anointed One will be cut off and will have
nothing.” His rejection by Israel was capped by His
dying on the Cross. Hence, His limitations were so great
that God in the flesh died both spiritually and physically
on the Cross (Mark 15:34, 37).
We are not told exactly what limitations the Second
Person placed upon Himself as a theophany in the OT
economy. Certainly, they were such that Jacob could
wrestle with Him all night (Genesis 32:24). How much
resistance might a powerful cherub offer? In light of the
fact that Yahweh had earlier associated the Guardian
Cherub with the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:11-19), the
prince (rs sar) of the Persian kingdom might be Satan.
We might ask, “Why doesn’t Christ just swat Satan like
a fly and be done with him?” God has foreordained to leave
evil run its course before He brings about the final
judgment. In the meantime, God overrules evil for good and
limits Himself in this great conflict for reasons that are
beyond our understanding.
“For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are
your ways my ways,” declares the LORD. “As the heavens are
higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your
ways and my thoughts than your thoughts” (Isaiah 55:8-9).
It does not help to say this glorious man was one of
the holy angels— God’s power would still be in question.
Whenever God limits Himself, it is for His plans and
purposes according to His infinite and ultimate wisdom
(cf. Isaiah 46:10-11; 48:9-11).
Satan has been hindering God and His people throughout
the history of the world. It began with Satan’s fall,
which was accompanied by one-third of the angels in
heaven; then the rebellion moved to earth in the Garden of
Eden with Adam and Eve. God could have prevented or put an
end to all rebellion when it raised its ugly head but He
didn’t. Suffice it to say, God has His reasons for
allowing evil, which He has not revealed to man.
Note that Michael (lakym Miyka'el, “who is like God”)
is one of the chief princes; there are others. Michael is
an archangel according to Jude 9 as well as the prince of
Israel in Daniel 11:1. The term “princes” applies to
rulers among men as well as to powerful angelic beings,
whether holy or evil, who rule in the invisible realm.
Chronologically, this was not the first time Michael
and Satan engaged in conflict according to Jude 9:
But even the archangel Michael, when he was
disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not
dare to bring a slanderous accusation against him, but
said, “The Lord rebuke you!”
Neither will it be the last time according to
And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels
fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels
fought back. But he was not strong enough, and they lost
their place in heaven. The great dragon was hurled
down—that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who
leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth,
and his angels with him.
Sometimes God starts wars on the earth to hinder Satan
according to Isaiah 45; sometimes the Lamb and Satan begin
wars, as seen in the predictions of the end times; and at
other times wars are started by man to satisfy the evil
desires of the sinful nature. All rebellion and wars will
cease after the final battle of Gog and Magog (Revelation