Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 1

Outline and Background

Crisis Point - Daniel 1:1

Captive Situation - Daniel 1:2

Crucial Test - Daniel 1:3-7

Critical Choice - Daniel 1:8-13

Commendable Decision & Consequent Blessing - Daniel 1:14-20

Coincident Prophecy - Daniel 1:21

Application and Typical Prophecies

Outline and Background

Outline of Chapter One

Crisis Point: The Fulfillment of Prophecy, 1
Captive Situation: Humbled By God, 2
Crucial Test: Temptations to Conform, 3-7
Critical Choice: Yahweh or Marduk, 8-13
Commendable Decision: Way Out of Temptation, 14
Consequent Blessing: God’s Response to Resolution, 15-20
Coincident Prophecy: Typical Fulfillment, 21

Background of Chapter One

In 722 B.C., the northern kingdom of Israel fell to the Assyrians. A century later, three powers beat the war drums to gain supremacy in the Middle East. In 616, Napolassar, king of Babylon, invaded Assyria. With the help of the Medes, he besieged Nineveh in 612. In 610, the fall of Haran to Babylon prompted Egypt and Assyria to join forces. In 609, Pharaoh Necho marched north and Josiah, king of Judah, was killed attempting to block his way at Megiddo, resulting in Necho’s domination of Palestine and Syria. In Jerusalem, the prophet Jeremiah delivered
God’s decree.

Therefore the LORD Almighty says this: “Because you have not listened to my words, I will summon all the peoples of the north and my servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon,” declares the LORD, “and I will bring them against this land and its inhabitants and against all the surrounding nations. I will completely destroy them and make them an object of horror and scorn, and an everlasting ruin. I will banish from them the sounds of joy and gladness, the voices of bride and bridegroom, the sound of millstones and the light of the lamp. This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon for seventy years. But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the LORD, “and will make it desolate for ever” (Jeremiah 25:8-12).

In December 604 B.C., Jehoiakim had cut to pieces Jeremiah’s prophetic scroll (Jeremiah 36:9-32), including this prophecy of the seventy-year captivity under Babylon. One can rip and tear prophecy from the pages of Scripture, but it changes nothing. Judah’s days were numbered.

By 607 B.C., the young and energetic Babylonian crown prince, Nebuchadnezzar, had begun his attempt to dislodge the Egyptians and Syria. Napolassar lay sick in Babylon when his son Nebuchadnezzar led a surprise attack against Pharaoh Necho and the Egyptian Army at Carchemish. Routing the Egyptians, the Babylonian crowned prince pursued them through Syria, Phoenicia, and Palestine and stopped to besiege Jerusalem in 605 B.C. Yahweh gave Jehoiakim, king of Judah, into his hands.

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

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